So, probably you are here because you have been searching for the information to relocate to Italy, the Fashion city!
Now, a piece of friendly advice.
1. Are you single? Ok, think again if you want to relocate to Italy.
2. Are you married? Think twice, should you make it to Italy?
3. With kids? Never even think. Simple say NO.
Disclaimer. I am not here to demotivate you. Every country has its own share of the problem. But the level of bureaucracy and paper works (read currency) involved for any work is simply amazing. So, please take this as a word of caution and plan well.
If you are still determined, go read ahead and I really appreciate your determination to make it to Italy.
Relocate to Italy
By now I am sure you know how difficult it is to get the Italy work permit or the Nulla Osta for self and their family.
Welcome to the club. You will never see anyone who would probably say their relocation was a breeze.
Before my relocation to Italy, I have been looking for information related to the visa, accommodation, income, expense, benefits, etc but was never able to get the right information. So, this frustration made me come up with this lengthy post.
I decided that I should share my hard-learned lessons to the world and it would be useful to someone in some part of the world. In fact, a series of posts with the information exclusively for expats to help then in “Relocate to Italy“.
How much enough is enough?
I often see people want to relocate to Italy, asking “Is this enough amount of money to relocate & live in Italy?”
This is such a misleading question. How much enough is really enough?
Frankly, for a human to live, all he/she needs is the following.
- Shelter – Place to stay
- Health – Food to eat
- Dignity – Clothes to wear
Which means if you earn money to take care of the above, then it is enough. How many of you agree with this?
I know, most won’t. Why?
Because, once these basic things are taken care we look up to the next level – owning a house, car, etc. Does this mean, this is the real enough? No.
Even if we earn sufficiently to achieve the above things, we still are not content. We want to move forward. Oh, how about those travel vacations to the places your neighbors went last year?
Did I miss those luxury travel cruises?
You see, there is nothing really called enough.
So, I am not here to tell about the amount of money you need to earn to live here, it depends on your living style. But, what I am putting here will certainly help you to plan, to know, to understand the expenses involved in the day to day life here in Italy.
After all, visiting a new country is entirely different than living in a new country. Right?
What is your first expense?
What is the first expense you do when you earn? Did you say rent? No. It is not the loan debits you pay. And certainly it is not the groceries and other purchases you make.
First and foremost expense is TAX. Of course, the first expense on your side is the mandatory deductions that any government take from your payslip.
Yes, literally anything you can think of is taxed in Italy. I know whats in your mind now – How about trashes? Am I right?
Well, you DO have tax for those throwaways too. Yup, you heard it right.
Lets me go one by one.
Many people miss this important piece of calculations needed to estimate the expenses. How do you calculate your salary? It is not the number in your appointment letter. Those are the gross payments.
So, what number should you take then? It is the final pay, otherwise termed as take home pay.
Gross pay – deductions = Taxable income
Deductions are if you have a mortgage or a disabled dependent.
Then from the taxable income, you can deduct actual tax for every dependent you have, but those are minimal, and I am gonna skip it for making things easier.
So, this taxable income is used to calculate 3 different taxes in Italy.
- IRPEF or individual income tax to nation
- Local Tax
- Municipal Tax.
Note: 2 & 3 probably lot less, but can easily add up to 1000s if you earn a decent pay.
The tax rates are subject to changes – updated Jun 2019. I try to keep this table updated, but please visit official sites for more details.
Tax slabs in Italy
|Total tax on income |
|Tax rate on income |
So, sincere advice, when you discuss your pay with your HR or company, make sure you get your numbers in NET salary so you are not surprised to see what you really get in hand, later. Gross salary will NEVER help.
These are taxes for your earning. As I said, you are also taxed for your living in Italy 🙂
What are the regular expenses?
Let us first divide the expenses as Annual and Monthly for easier analysis. Now, let’s see one by one.
What is included in Annual expense
1. Property tax – if you own a house, so I skip it for now.
2. Garbage tax – even if you are staying in rent. This could be anywhere between 300 Euro to 400 Euro or more per annum depending on the Municipal you live. Yes, I hear you saying – “I never thought my trashes are so expensive, Hhhh”
3. TV tax – yes, prepared to pay tax for your television too.
In addition to this you could have annual expense for the heating system depending on the type of system used in your house. In Italy, you have 2 types of heating system for the houses.
1. Centralized – Where the building owns and maintains the system, and expenses are collected from each individual in the building. Cost is distributed based on the size of the house, number of people, etc. Now, this is moving towards metered expenses.
2. Autonomous – Where the system is installed inside your own house, and you have complete control. And hence you own complete expense 🙂
If you have an autonomous heating system in your house, you have to get this equipment certified every year. This comes with an additional expense of about 100 Euro per year.
What is included in Monthly expenses
1. Gas & Electricity – This should be in the ranges of 60-100 Euro per month. This is for sure a bit on the higher side, but this should give an idea.
2. Telephone & Internet – If you are looking for landline and unlimited internet, be ready to shell out 30-40 euro per month. And mobile connections could be in the range of 10 euros per month.
3. Transport – In Milan, you have good public transport. A travel card for 36 Euro, will solve all your commute inside Milan. But outside the city, it is going to be difficult.
4. Food – This should be in the range of 400-500 Euro per month for a family of 3-4 people.
Cost of Living
Once you know how much you can expect on hand, now let’s look at the regular expense or the cost of living.
The major portion is for Rent / Affitto – depends on the area. In general, the north of Italy is more expensive than the down south. Of course, as usual, there are always exceptions.
A 100sqm house in Milan would range on average from 1000 Euro to 1500 Euro depending on the amenities.
If you plan for the car, the first shock will come in the name of Driving license. The license cost is almost 500+ Euro depending on the classes and tests. And most important – you need to be well versed in Italiano. Why? Because the tests are NOT available in English.
Yes, you heard it right. Its in Italiano.
So, it’s not only about the initial cost but also about the time, it takes for you to reach the level when you are ready to take on the test.
Expenses for Kids Schooling
Then if you are looking for English schools for your kids, there are few in major cities. Couple of them in Milan and Monza too. One in the Bergamo area as well.
In Milan there are couple of them.
There may be couple more, a simple google can get you much more.
The cost of education is super-expensive if you are thinking to send your kids to private school. It will cost in the range of 12K Euro to 20 K Euro per annum as tuition fees. In addition, its about 4-5K Euro for initial admission.
Add extra for Lunch, Uniforms, Exam fees, bus, book and stationery, site visits, etc. I would say plan in the range of 1500 – 2000 Euros.
If you would like to opt for school bus, then add additional 2500+ euro. Also plan for any after school activities in or outside school if your kid would be interested to.
If you plan for Public school, you are saved. Its almost free.
Hope I have not terrorised you all. My intention was not that.
My only goal here is to make sure you get as much information as you can get to make an informed decision. And not just more info, but also the right and credible information.
Interested to know how you can be finding your dream home in Italy? Yes, its documented, and all for you!